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Bone Grafting For Dental Implants – Procedure & Cost

dental bone graft surgery cost

The dental implant procedure calls for a healthy jawbone. However, not everyone has sturdy or suitable jawbones, so what happens then? A bone grafting procedure.

Bone grafting is a complementary procedure in implant dentistry because it helps prepare the bone for the implant. It involves using additional bone tissue to improve jawbone density and volume which has otherwise deteriorated due to trauma or damage.

In this article, we will guide you through the basic information surrounding bone grafting, its benefits, drawbacks, and what to expect. 

Key Takeaways:
  • Bone grafting is a dental procedure used to improve jawbone density and volume.
  • The procedure involves using bone tissue (graft material) to fill an incision in the gum and cover it with a membrane.
  • Benefits of bone grafting include improved chances of successful implant placement, preservation of facial structure, improved oral health, and enhanced appearance.
  • Bone grafting may be necessary in cases of dental implants, tooth loss or gum disease, or changes in facial structure.
  • There are several types of bone grafts including allograft, autograft, xenograft, and synthetic bone graft.
  • The likelihood of needing a bone graft increases with age, but it may be necessary for individuals of all ages depending on their oral health.

What is Bone Grafting?

Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that is used to fix problems associated with the bone or joints. It involves transplanting bone tissue; the transplanted bone can come from your own body, from a donor, or it can be synthetic. In the context of dental implants, bone grafting is used to increase the volume and density of the bone in your jaw.

bone grafting for dental implants

What are the Benefits of Bone Grafting for Dental Implants?

Bone grafting for dental implants offers several advantages that contribute to the success and longevity of the implants. Here are some key benefits:

  • Stability and Support: Bone grafting provides a solid and stable base for the dental implant, ensuring it stays securely in place. This is particularly important for the functionality and durability of the implant.
  • Prevents Bone Loss: After tooth loss, the jawbone begins to deteriorate due to lack of stimulation. Bone grafting can help prevent this bone loss by stimulating new bone growth.
  • Improves Success Rate: Bone grafting can significantly increase the success rate of dental implant surgery. By providing sufficient bone density, the implant can integrate better with the jawbone.
  • Maintains Facial Structure: Bone loss in the jaw can lead to changes in facial structure, causing a sunken appearance. Bone grafting helps maintain the natural shape of the jaw and face.
  • Improves Aesthetic Outcome: By preserving the jawbone and supporting facial structures, bone grafting can enhance the aesthetic outcome of dental implant surgery, leading to a more natural-looking smile.
  • Allows for More Dental Implant Options: In cases where the jawbone is too thin or soft to support traditional implants, bone grafting can open up the possibility for more dental implant options.

When is Bone Grafting Necessary?

Bone grafting is often necessary in the following situations:

Dental Implants

Dental implants, typically made from titanium, need to be drilled into your jawbone as support for an artificial crown to replace a missing tooth. If your jawbone is not healthy, you will need to go through bone grafting procedures to prepare your jawbone and increase the implants’ likelihood of success.

Tooth Loss or Gum Disease

You may not need an implant, but a bone graft may be necessary if you’ve experienced tooth loss or gum disease. The effects of the disease and the missing tooth can negatively affect the health of your jawbone, so you may need to go through a bone grafting procedure for its revival.

Facial Structure

The degeneration of your jawbone can lead to a change in your facial appearance. This is because the jawbone supports the structure of your face. A bone graft will help revive the facial shape from your mouth to your cheeks.

Types of Bone Grafts

The types of bone grafts that exist depend on the source from which the bone tissues used as graft material are obtained.

Allograft Bone Graft

Allograft involves using another person’s bone tissue to strengthen your jawbone, usually from an anonymous donor.

Autograft Bone Graft

This is the preferred option as the graft material is extracted from your own body. The graft material may be taken from your hips, tibia, or the back of your jaw in the area of your wisdom teeth.

Xenograft Bone Graft

Here, the bone tissues (minerals) used in the surgery are extracted from other species such as cow, pig, or coral. 

Synthetic Bone Graft

This grafting procedure involves using artificial graft material, just as the name implies. It typically uses materials such as calcium sodium phosphosilicate (Bioglass) or calcium phosphate.

Who Needs Bone Grafting?

Individuals who have experienced bone loss in their jaw due to tooth extraction, gum disease, or injury may require a bone graft. Additionally, those who have a naturally thin or soft jawbone may also need a bone graft to successfully receive dental implants.

How is Dental Bone Grafting Surgery Performed?

A dental bone grafting procedure is rather straightforward and doesn’t call for worry, as your dentist will explain everything to you. They will take X-rays or cone beam CT scans that enable them to create a personalised treatment plan tailored to your needs and budget.

  • At the start of your surgery, your dentist will administer a local anaesthetic to ease you into comfort.
  • Your dental technician will clean the area where the graft material will be placed.
  • Your surgeon will make an incision in your gum to separate it from the area where the bone graft will be placed.
  • Your surgeon will place the graft material into the area, cover it with a membrane, and stitch the incision closed.
  • Your graft healing process is ready to begin.

Pre and Post Bone Graft Procedures

Bone grafting involves a series of steps before and after the procedure:

Bone Graft Before and After: What to Expect

Before a bone graft procedure, the dentist will conduct an oral examination and take X-rays, CT scans, or cone beam CT scans to assess bone density and location of nerves and sinuses. The procedure is usually performed under local anaesthesia. After the graft, some discomfort may be expected, which can be managed with over-the-counter pain medication.

Bone Grafting Surgery Recovery

Recovery time after a dental bone graft varies but is typically between 2 weeks and several months. It depends on the type of graft and the amount of bone loss. Patients should adhere to a soft-food diet and maintain oral hygiene to ensure a smooth recovery.

How to Prepare for Bone Grafting

 

 

You won’t have to go through an overly complicated preparation when considering how to prepare for bone grafting. Your dentist will inform you of any due preparations, but these are some of the common things you may need to check off:

  • Make sure not to eat anything within 8–12 hours before your oral surgery.
  • Check with your dentist for side effects caused by your medications, if any.
  • Arrange for your transport to get back home as you may be groggy upon completing the procedure.

How Much Does Dental Bone Grafting Cost?

The cost of dental bone grafting can vary significantly based on several factors, including the type of graft used, the complexity of the procedure, and the specific dental surgeon’s fees. On average, you can expect to pay between AUD $3,000 and $8,000 per graft.

At My Implant Dentist, a highly qualified dentist will go through your consultation and propose a suitable treatment and payment plan for you. 

What are the Risks of a Bone Graft?

As with any medical procedure, no dental procedure is 100% free of drawbacks. Bone graft procedures have a relatively high success rate with several benefits, but there are some risks associated with the procedure:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Nerve damage
  • Complications with anaesthesia
  • Blood clots
  • Rejection of the bone graft

Is Bone Grafting Safe?

Yes, bone grafting is generally considered safe. It’s a well-established procedure that has been used successfully for many years in dental surgery. As with any medical procedure, there are potential risks and complications, but these are rare. Your dental surgeon will discuss these with you in detail before the procedure.

FAQs

Is a Bone Graft Painful?

Your dentist will administer a sedative during the procedure so that you will feel no pain. However, you may experience mild pain after the procedure.

How Long Does a Bone Graft Take to Heal?

Depending on your treatment plan, a bone graft will take about 3–9 months to heal properly. But you may be back to feeling normal after 3 weeks.

How Successful is Bone Graft Surgery?

When performed by a qualified dentist or periodontist, bone graft surgery has relatively high success rates.

Which Bone is Used for Bone Grafting?

The bones used for dental bone grafting are usually taken from your hip, tibia, or the back of your jaw, in the wisdom tooth area. 

What Does a Bone Graft Look Like?

A bone graft is made to look like your jawbone since it involves fusing bone tissue with it.

Written By: Dr Kent Tan
Edited By: Dr Zaheer Kadwa
Reviewed By: Dr Ealin Lee

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Dr. Kent Tan - Author Bio

Dr Kent Tan is the top dental implant and cosmetic treatment expert. On average, he performs 500 to 1000 dental implants yearly, making him one of the most experienced dental implant surgeons in Perth, Western Australia.

Dr Kent is a certified Invisalign provider and has helped many patients achieve straighter teeth with a transparent braces system. In addition, he is skilled in performing a wide range of cosmetic dental treatments such as teeth whitening, dental veneers and bonding.

Dr Kent graduated from the University of Queensland and then went on to lecture in dental implants. He furthered his qualifications by graduating from the Master Clinician Programme in Implant Dentistry in Los Angeles, USA. This additional education allows him to provide his patients with the best possible care.

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Mark TaylorMark Taylor
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Rob SmithRob Smith
12:33 24 Feb 24
I was at a really low point in my life, had an accident 2 years ago which broke 3 of my teeth and a bridge in between my 2 front top teeth. From that moment I became extremely conscious of going out,socialising and found my self withdrawn and depressed as I didn't know what to do.Then a friend told me about My Implant Dentist. I plucked up the courage and went for my first consultation at Mindarie Quinns dental practice with Dr Zaheer who explained all my options and advised all on 4 top and bottom.Not only Dr Zaheer but all the staff and doctors at both Mindarie and South Perth were amazing and extremely professional and made the whole process seemless.Having the treatment has given me back confidence and enabled me to socalise and do things with my family and friends that I couldn't do before.I would like to thank Dr Zaheer and all the team at My Implant Dentist for everything they have done for me and recommended them to everyone I speak to.I just can't stop smiling!!!
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From start to Finnish i felt very comfortable. The whole experience for me was more than just new teeth.For me it was a journey of self discovery that changed my whole life.I found that everyone that I encountered was very professional &friendly &made my experience so pleasant.They deserve more than 5 stars.Thank you so much🥰
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09:19 01 Feb 24
My experience with My Implant Dentist has been excellent from start to finish. The staff at the front desk were incredibly kind and helpful. The medical treatments throughout were professional and pain free. I would definitely recommend them to anyone considering this service
SherrySherry
08:14 30 Jan 24
So grateful to have found this place. I needed a wisdom tooth out. They were able to x-ray and fit me in promptly. Extremely high quality and professional service at an affordable price! I feel lucky to have found an honest and helpful Dentist especially in today's economy. Lovely staff all round. I will be coming here from now on.Thanks again :)
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12:02 21 Nov 23
From the moment I walked in the door My Implant dentist were very caring and professional. As a dental nurse myself I knew I would be a very hard case as other specialists said they could not help me. After my first consultation with Dr Kent he was confident that he could help me and I was provided with a clear plan for my top and bottom all on four procedure. My new teeth are perfect and so natural looking. He has made the impossible possible for me. I can smile and eat the foods I love again and this has changed my life. Thank you so much to all staff and especially Dr Kent Tan who I can say is the best implant dentist in Perth.
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I can’t thank the team and dentists at My Implant dentist enough! From the girls working the front desk to the dental nurses assisting the dentist’s, Dr Kent Tan and Dr Ealin. I had the All on four implants and I can’t explain how much this has transformed my life in such a great way.I will always be thankful to be able to have this treatment!Thank you from the bottom of my heart.
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My implant Dentist Mooorooka is an amazing team. The receptionist staff are very welcoming and super lovely to talk to. The dentists are very experienced and knowledgeable. The assistants are very lovely. The service 10/10. Highly recommend!
moonira Bassamoonira Bassa
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Dr Zaheer is an amazing dentist, very knowledgeable and very detailed. He’s an amazing dentist. Definitely recommend My Implant Dentist Brisbane
Yacoob BassaYacoob Bassa
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Dr Zaheer is an excellent dentist, very experienced and very detailed. Highly recommend My Implant Dentist Brisbane
solomon issaksolomon issak
00:27 18 Nov 23
The receptionist team have been very helpful, helped me organise early super release for my implant treatment. Dr Zaheer is an amazing implant dentist, discussed with me on what type of surgery I needed and have also treated the surgery on me. Dr Reza is very kind. The dental assistants are very friendly. Highly recommend My Implant Dentist Brisbane
Tan Binh NgoTan Binh Ngo
02:59 31 Oct 23
I picked up”Moorooka Dental Care” contact details from the web. I rang for a few questions and the happy voice of Frances had calmed my anxiety down quickly!Dr Kadwa greeted me from the front bench, took me in for the X-ray, dental assessment, carefully explaining the procedure, answered my questions and quoted for the works. He offered to breakdown work items to suit with my needs. The quote was surprisingly very compatible with my previous quote from overseas. (I know I am going to have my dental treatment in the safe zone, most medical advances in Australia).The implant work went smoothly, so smooth that the team had to remind me “Done!”, well beyond my imagination.When he saw me off with the aftercare instructions, I could feel his professional manners with caring characters. I know he has done a few thousand implants but I still received the care of his first. Thanks Zaheer!I requested X-ray images, Fatimatu responded promptly with friendly chatting.I also would like to thank Dr Linh Trần who was in the operation team at the treatment and follow up cares.
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My implant dentist brisbane 5/5. Dr Linh, Dr Zaheer and Dr Reza have been amazing and have looked after me in my procedures. Frances the receptionist was the first person to contact me to get me to come in since I have been looking around. Excellent service and friendly staff
Matthew WinkelmannMatthew Winkelmann
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Moorooka dental have been a pleasure to deal with. I did a bit of research into dental implants and most companies had hidden fees. I booked a consult and was contacted within a few hrs to get me in and get the ball rolling. I choose to go with he implants using my super. They helped me to do all the paperwork to release the money. Definitely a good dental clinic.
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